Terpenes are a class of organic compounds produced by plants that are known to grant the plants their characteristic odor. Terpenes are found in various plants and this includes cannabis plants too. CBD products derived from cannabis often contain various terpenes except when it is an isolate CBD product.
What could be the reasons why many CBD brands add terpenes to their products? Let us find out in this article.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are volatile plant compounds that give plants their characteristic aromas. The smell of flowers and fruits are all due to terpenes.
There are hundreds of terpenes discovered in various plants and out of those over 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis plants. However, not many terpenes in industrial hemp have been concentrated enough to be of some significance.
What Are The Terpenes Found In CBD Oil?
Here are the terpenes that are commonly found in CBD oil.
Myrcene has a pungent and earthy aroma that resembles the aroma of cannabis flowers. Despite being the smallest terpene in the group, it can produce powerful relaxing effects in the body making the users to feel drowsy. Myrcene is well known for its antibacterial and pain-relief properties.
As indicated by the name, limonene is obtained from the zest of citrus fruits. Its smell is reminiscent of orange or lemon but the terpene is not all about this refreshing aroma. Limonene is known for its antifungal properties and it also helps reduce anxiety and inflammation. It can also be used to enhance your mood. The addition of limonene to CBD oil will improve the absorption rates of other terpenes.
Linalool has a delicate floral aroma and is especially abundant in chamomile and lavender. Brands often add linalool to CBD oil for its hearty scent but it is also effective in reducing anxiety and aiding sleep.
Pinene is a terpene that is found in pine needles and some citrus fruits. Pinene is used in traditional Chinese medicines for their therapeutic benefits. The terpene can also be used as a bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent.
It is a common terpene in hemp. The aroma it gives resembles hops, which too has high concentrations of humulene. The terpene may be used as an anti-inflammatory agent and appetite suppressant. Coriander, basil and cloves are other humulene-rich plants.
Caryophyllene occurs naturally in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon. Some cannabis strains get their woody, spicy aromas from the terpene. One of the most impressive aspects of caryophyllene is its ability to interact with the endocannabinoid system in ways similar to cannabinoids. Experts say that these terpenes may produce anti-inflammatory and pain-relief effects.
Are Terpenes And Terpenoids The Same Thing?
If you have done some reading about terpenes, you might have come across the term “terpenoids”. Are they the same? No. They have slight differences in terms of their molecular structure. Terpenes can be considered the fresh version of terpenoids. The characteristic smell you get while you are near a living cannabis plant is due to the terpenes secreted from the resinous glands of the plant’s flowers. On the other hand, terpenoids are formed when you dry cannabis flowers. The process changes the way these molecules undergo transformation.
Why Are Terpenes Added To CBD Oils?
Terpenes are very important in cannabis. They can improve the experience of users while they take CBD oil and can also enhance the effects of its major cannabinoids. Many users have reported that CBD oil with terpenes is more effective than cannabidiol products based on distillates or isolates.
Consider for example you are adding terpenes like myrcene or linalool to CBD oil. The terpenes will enhance the relaxing and sleep-inducing capabilities of the oil. Terpenes like caryophyllene and limonene can help you stay focused with full of energy.
The entourage effect is a major reason why brands are particular about adding terpenes to their products. Discovered in 1998, the entourage effect refers to the synergistic effect produced by the cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes found in cannabis plants. For example, limonene is known to offer better absorption of other terpenes.
Not all cannabis strains have the same terpene profile and the difference is one reason why the effects of cannabis strains are different from one another. The cannabinoid ratios are also different from strain to strain and the difference is also crucial in the differing effects.
Out of three spectrum options in CBD products, full spectrum and broad spectrum products contain terpenes along with other cannabinoids and flavinoids. For an enhanced CBD experience, choose CBD products that come with beneficial terpenes. To be sure of their quality, check their third party lab results and check if the details on the product label conform to the information on the third party lab report.